According to the National Taxpayers Union, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court makes a salary of $258,100 all other justices which are known as associate Justices make $246,800.*
William Howard Taft is the only individual to have been both president and a Supreme Court justice. Taft was president from 1909 to 1913 and served as a supreme justice from 1921 until 1930.
There’ve been 17 courts since the Supreme Court’s inception, thus there have been 17 chief Justices.
There are currently nine Supremes, but that number has fluctuated between five and ten. The number of associate justices that may be appointed at any given time is fixed by Congress.
Only one Chief justice has ever been impeached: Samuel Chase. He was an associate justice. He was impeached by the House of Representatives on March 12, 1804 for arbitrary and oppressive conduct of trials. The Senate later acquitted Chase on March 1, 1805.
There is no requirement in the U.S. Constitution that a supreme court justice attend law school or be a lawyer. James F. Byrnes, who served from 1941-1942, did not graduate from high school or attend college. He taught himself the law and passed the bar exam at the age of 23. Robert H. Jackson, who served from 1941-1954, did not attend an undergraduate college, although he did study law at Albany Law School.
Both these men, Jackson and Byrnes, were nominated by President Roosevelt.
The oldest Supreme Court justice ever to be appointed was Horace Lurton. He was 65 years old at the time of taking office.
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Junior was 90 years old when he retired from the Supreme Court.
A supreme may hold office if they want according to the Constitution, which states only that a supreme may hold office during good behavior.
With all the attention paid to immigration recently, it’s of noting that a Supreme Court justice need not be born in the United States. There have been six Supreme Court justices that were born in other countries.
The first female justice was Sandra Day O’Connor in 1981. The first Hispanic justice was Sonia Sotomayor in 2009. The first African American justice was Thurgood Marshall in 1967.
The president nominates a supreme and the Senate approves their appointment.
The first Supreme Court met in 1790 but never had their own building or courthouse until 1935.
There are three images of lady justice in the Supreme Court’s building and on its grounds. The image of Lady Justice we know today is based on the Greek goddesses Themis and Justitia.
There have been two justices with the name John Marshall Harlan. The grandfather served from 1877 to 1911, and his grandson served from 1955 to 1971.
The Supreme Court receives approximately 10,000 writs of certiorari and hears between 75 and 80 cases each year. A write of certiorari orders a lower court to deliver its record in a case so that a higher court may review it.
The current court is composed of Chief Justice Roberts nominated by George Bush junior, Justice Clarence Thomas nominated by Bush Senior, Justice Ginsburg nominated by Clinton, Justice Breyer nominated by Clinton, Justice Alito nominated by George Bush Junior, Justice Sotomayor nominated by Barack Obama, Justice Kagan nominated by Barack Obama, Justice Gorsuch nominated by Donald Trump, and Justice Kavanaugh nominated by Donald Trump.
Within the Supreme Court, the justices are seated by seniority.
All nine Supremes are not required to hear case. A quorum consists of six Supremes, meaning that only six need to be present to rule on a case.
*Salaries and other information gathered in 2015
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